Are you interested in growing your own vegetables? With a little planning and the right tools, you can enjoy the satisfaction of eating your own home-grown produce. Knowing when to plant each type of vegetable is essential for a successful harvest. In this article, we will provide you with a month-by-month calendar to guide you through the process.
In December, it’s time to start planning for the coming growing season. Beforehand, make sure to familiarize yourself with the type of vegetables that can be grown in your area and the specific requirements for each one. Check the seed packets or do some research online for more information.
In January and February, you can start sowing some seeds indoors. This gives the plants a head start before they are ready to be moved outside. It’s also a good time to prepare the ground by clearing away any debris and adding compost or well-rotted manure.
In March, as the last frost has usually passed, you can start sowing spinach and leafy greens such as lettuce. These can be planted directly into the ground to a depth of around 1 inch. Carrots can also be sown outdoors, but make sure the soil is not waterlogged or heavy.
In April, you can start sowing peas and broad beans outside. These hardy crops can be planted in rows or in blocks, with each seedling spaced about 6 inches apart. For added protection, you can use cloches.
In May, it’s time to plant tomatoes, aubergines, and sweetcorn. These tender crops will need some extra protection in case of late frosts. Consider starting them off indoors and gradually hardening them off before moving them outside.
In June, you can plant potatoes and cabbage. Potatoes should be planted at a depth of around 6 inches and spaced about 12 inches apart. Cabbage should be planted to a depth of about 30cm and spaced at least 18 inches apart.
In July, you can continue planting a wide array of vegetables, including beans, courgettes, and onions. Make sure to water them regularly, especially during dry spells.
In August, you can start planting crops that will be harvested in the fall, such as winter squash and broccoli. These can be planted in the same way as the other vegetables mentioned earlier.
In September, you can still plant some fast-growing crops like radishes and lettuce. These can be harvested relatively quickly, giving you a last taste of fresh produce before the colder months arrive.
In October and November, make sure to prepare your vegetable plot for the winter. Clear away any debris and spread a layer of compost or well-rotted manure over the soil. This will help improve the fertility of the soil for the following growing season.
By following this month-by-month calendar, you can ensure that your vegetables are planted at the right time and in the right conditions. Happy growing!
When to plant vegetables – points to consider
When it comes to planting vegetables, there are several points to consider. The timing of planting can vary depending on the variety of vegetables and individual preferences. For example, cabbage and Brussels sprouts are considered half-hardy vegetables and should be planted in late February or early March. These vegetables can be started indoors in pots and then moved outdoors at a later date, once the weather has warmed up. The exact planting times can also vary depending on your region and local climate.
Another important factor to consider is the type of soil and the condition of the ground. Some vegetables, such as onions and garlic, prefer well-drained soil and do not tolerate waterlogged conditions. It is important to prepare the soil beforehand by adding organic matter and ensuring proper drainage.
For certain vegetables, like French beans and lettuce, it is possible to have a continual crop by sowing seeds at regular intervals throughout the growing season. This provides a great opportunity to have fresh produce all year round.
For certain vegetables like aubergines (also known as eggplant), it is best to start them indoors by sowing seeds in pots. These pots should be placed on a sunny window sill or under a grow light. Once the plants have grown to about 30cm in height, they can be moved to a greenhouse or protected frame before being transplanted into the ground.
Another consideration is the threat of frost. Some vegetables are more frost-tolerant than others, and planting times should take this into account. For example, early potatoes can be planted in late March to early April, while more tender crops like tomatoes and peppers should be planted after the danger of frost has passed. In regions with a shorter growing season, it may be necessary to start these crops indoors in pots and then transplant them outdoors once the weather warms up.
It is also important to consider the growing requirements of each vegetable. Some vegetables, like leeks and broad beans, can be sown directly into the ground, while others, like carrots and parsnips, are best started indoors and then transplanted.
When planning your vegetable garden, it is handy to have a calendar or guide that explains the optimal planting dates for each crop. This can help ensure that you plant at the right time for the best results.
In conclusion, when it comes to planting vegetables, there are several factors to consider. The timing of planting, the type of soil, the threat of frost, and the specific requirements of each vegetable all play a role in determining when and how to plant. By considering these factors, you can ensure a successful and economical vegetable garden.
In January, gardeners start planning and preparing for the upcoming growing season. Although it may seem like a quiet month in terms of planting, there are still a few tasks and vegetables that can be started. Here’s what to do in your vegetable garden in January:
1. Planning and organizing
January is the perfect tool for gardeners to plan their vegetable garden for the year ahead. Take some time to assess your garden space and decide which vegetables you want to grow. Make a calendar and mark down what needs to be done each month.
2. Indoor sowing
If you have a greenhouse or a sunny windowsill, you can start sowing seeds of certain vegetables indoors in January. These include early potatoes, carrots, and peas. Sowing them indoors now will give them a head start and allow for an earlier harvest later in the year.
If you live in a region with heated beds or a greenhouse, you can begin transplanting vegetable crowns in January. This includes crops like Brussels sprouts, spinach, and kale. Transplanting them now will give them enough time to establish before the cooler temperatures of late winter and early spring.
4. Successive planting
If you want to have a continual harvest throughout the year, consider planting successive crops. This means sowing seeds every few weeks or so to ensure a steady supply of vegetables. In January, you can start sowing seeds of lettuce, radishes, and salad greens for a continuous harvest.
5. Cover crops
If you have an area of your garden that will be left unused until spring, consider planting cover crops. Cover crops such as clover or winter rye can help improve soil fertility and prevent erosion. They can also be turned into the soil in the spring as green manure, adding nutrients for the next growing season.
By knowing what to do in your vegetable garden in January, you can ensure a successful growing season. Whether you’re starting seeds indoors, transplanting crops, or planning ahead, January is a time to lay the groundwork for a bountiful harvest later in the year.
In February, it’s time to start planning and preparing your garden for the upcoming growing season. While it may still be cold outside, there’s plenty of work to be done to ensure a successful harvest later in the year.
Here’s some information about what you can plant and harvest in February:
- Sprouts: Start your brussels sprouts and cauliflower indoors. They can be later transplanted into your garden once they have grown into sturdy young plants.
- Root crops: You can start planting root crops like onions and leigh sets indoors to get a head start on the season.
- Salad greens: Planting salad greens in trays or pots indoors will provide you with an early supply of fresh greens to enjoy.
- Onions: If you live in an area with mild winter temperatures, you can continue to plant onion sets outdoors.
- Peppers: Start planting sweet peppers indoors in trays. They can be transplanted outside once the temperature warms up.
- Pumpkins: If your area has a long enough growing season, you can start planting pumpkins outdoors in well-prepared beds.
It’s important to note that the specific planting dates may vary depending on your location and the local climate. Before starting your seeds or plants, it’s always a good idea to consult with a local gardening expert or research planting guidelines specific to your area.
When planning your February gardening tasks, it’s also a great opportunity to prepare your soil. Remove any weeds or debris from your garden beds and add compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility. Rake the beds for a smooth surface.
Remember, February is a transitional month, so be mindful of the weather forecast. If there is still a risk of frost or snow, it’s best to wait a little longer before starting outdoor planting. However, if the weather is mild, you can take full advantage of the opportunity to work in the garden and start some crops.
To ensure a successive harvest throughout the growing season, consider planting in intervals. This means planting a few rows or trays of seeds every few weeks. This way, you’ll have a continuous supply of fresh produce.
So, in February, take a look at what vegetables are well-suited for your area and plan your planting accordingly. With proper care and attention, your garden will be bursting with delicious and nutritious crops by spring and autumn.
In March, before the spinach of the year needs protection, it is the perfect time to sow spinach seeds directly into the ground. Spinach is a cool-season crop that is suited for early spring sowings. Sowings can be made throughout March and it is often a good idea to make multiple sowings to ensure a continuous harvest.
If you have a greenhouse or a polytunnel, this is a great opportunity to sow half-hardy salad crops such as lettuce and rocket. They can be sown directly into modules or pots for later transplanting. This will give them some protection from the still unpredictable March weather.
Garlic is also a good crop to sow in March. It needs a long growing season, so the earlier it is planted, the better. Sow garlic cloves 5-7cm deep and 15cm apart, in rows 30cm apart.
If you’re planting maincrop potatoes in March, make sure you chit them beforehand. Chitting is simply allowing the potatoes to sprout before planting, which will give them a head start when planted in the ground.
If you have a greenhouse or a polytunnel and you’re in a cooler climate, March is the perfect time to sow sweetcorn. Sow the seeds in modules or pots and place them in a warm and bright area to encourage germination.
If the ground has been prepared in advance, you can start planting onion sets. Onion sets are small, individual onions that are produced from seed. They are ideal if you’re short on space or don’t have the conditions to grow onions from seed.
March is a good time to plant parsnip seeds directly into the ground. They are slow to germinate, so soak the seeds in water overnight before sowing to speed up the germination process. Make sure the soil has been raked to a fine tilth, and sow the seeds at a depth of 1-2cm.
If you plan on growing leeks, sow leek seedlings indoors. Leeks take a long time to mature, so it’s best to start them early. Leeks can be planted outdoors between April and May, when they are pencil-thick.
In March, continue sowing peas directly into the ground. Peas are a spring-time favorite and they thrive in cool conditions. They can be sown in well-prepared soil, in a sunny spot.
If you want to grow Brussels sprouts, March is the time to sow them. Sow the seeds indoors and transplant the seedlings outdoors when they are big enough to handle. Brussels sprouts are a cool-season crop and they need a long growing season to produce a good crop.
If you’re growing peppers, start the seeds indoors in March. Peppers need a long growing season, so they are best started early indoors. Make sure the seeds are sown in trays or modules and kept in a warm environment for successful germination.
March is also a good time to start sowing cabbage seeds indoors. Cabbage is a popular vegetable and there are many different sorts to choose from. Sow the seeds in trays or modules and keep them in a warm place for germination.
In March, make sure to thin out any overgrown salad greens. Thinning is essential for healthy growth and to ensure that the remaining plants have enough space to grow.
Expert tip: Water your salad greens and other early spring crops more often in March to keep the soil moist. Use fleece or plastic to protect them from heavy rain and frosts.
April is a month full of opportunities for planting a wide array of vegetables in your garden. The weather is getting warmer, and the soil temperature is generally suitable for most crops. Here are some plants that you can start sowing or transplanting in April:
- Beans: Sow beans directly into the soil, in rows that are around 30cm apart. Alternatively, you can sow them indoors in pots. This will ensure an earlier crop.
- Onions: Plant onions by either sowing seeds or setting out sets. Make sure to give them enough space to grow. Onions prefer a sunny and well-drained area.
- Peppers: Start peppers indoors in March so they have enough time to grow before transplanting them outside. Peppers need warm temperatures to thrive.
- Tomatoes: Tomatoes can be sown indoors or in a greenhouse for best results. They require a long growing season, so starting them early is a good idea.
- Cucumbers: Like tomatoes, cucumbers can be started indoors or in a greenhouse. They prefer warm temperatures and sandy soil.
- Carrots: Sow carrot seeds directly into the ground. Make sure the soil is well-drained and free of stones. Carrots take about three weeks to germinate, so be patient.
- Spinach: Spinach is a cool-season crop that can be sown directly into the ground. Make sure to water it regularly to prevent it from going to seed too quickly.
In addition to sowing and transplanting, April is a good time to prepare your beds for future planting. Remove any weeds or debris and add compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility. If you plan to grow pumpkins or other tender crops, now is the time to harden them off before planting them outside. The last frosts are generally late April or early May, so make sure to check the expected frost dates for your area beforehand.
Remember to water your vegetable beds regularly, especially during dry periods. The soil should be moist to a depth of at least an inch. To save water and keep the soil cool, consider using mulch around your plants. This will help prevent weed growth and retain moisture.
April is a great time to continue growing salads such as lettuce and rocket. These crops are easy to grow and can be harvested throughout the summer months. Plant them in a sunny spot with well-drained soil for best results.
Finally, if you have a greenhouse, use it to your advantage in April. It’s an economical tool for starting some warm-weather plants, such as tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants. The controlled environment will provide protection from temperature fluctuations and pests, ensuring a healthy start for your plants.
In conclusion, April offers plenty of planting opportunities. Take advantage of this time to grow a variety of vegetables in your garden. With proper care and attention, you’ll have a bountiful harvest come late summer and autumn.
In May, the weather starts to warm up and the growing season is in full swing. It’s a great time to get your hands dirty in the garden and start planting some vegetables. Here are some ideas for what you can plant in May:
- Garlic: If you haven’t already done so, you can still plant garlic in May. It needs a cold period to develop properly, so it’s best planted in autumn or early winter, but May is a good time to get started.
- Onion: Onions are often planted in February or March, but you can continue to plant onion sets in May. Choose a sunny position and plant them about 1 inch (2.5cm) deep.
- Peppers and Eggplant: If you have a propagator or a warm, sunny spot in your house, you can start your peppers and eggplant seedlings in pots in May. They need a long growing season, so starting them early will give them time to grow and produce fruit.
- Cabbage: Cabbage can be grown both outdoors and in a greenhouse. If you have a greenhouse, you can sow cabbage seeds directly into pots or trays in May. If you’re growing them outside, you can start them off in trays and then transplant them outside once they’ve grown a few inches tall.
- Spinach: Spinach is a cool-season crop that can be grown from seed in May. It needs a well-drained, fertile soil and prefers temperatures between 45-75°F (7-24°C).
- French Beans: French beans can be sown directly into the ground in May. They need a sunny spot and well-drained soil. Make sure to leave enough space between plants, about 30cm apart, to allow them to grow.
- Carrots: Carrots can be started from seed in May. They prefer a light, sandy soil, but can tolerate heavier clay soils with some preparation. Sow the seeds directly into the ground and thin them out as they grow.
When planning your vegetable garden, consider the growing conditions in your area and the time it takes for each plant to mature. Some vegetables, like tomatoes, need a longer growing season and should be started indoors in January or February. Others, like lettuce and radishes, can be started directly from seed in May.
If you’re not sure when to plant certain vegetables, there are plenty of online resources and gardening suppliers that can provide you with information specific to your area. Alternatively, you can consult a gardening book or ask experienced gardeners in your community for advice.
Remember to continue watering and feeding your plants regularly, and keep an eye out for any pests or diseases that may affect your crops. With a little planning and care, you can have a bountiful harvest of fresh, homegrown vegetables throughout the summer and beyond!
In June, it’s time to start planting warm-season vegetables. Here are some types of vegetables that you can start planting this month:
- Salad vegetables like lettuce and rocket can be sown directly into the ground or started in trays before transplanting them outdoors. Sow seeds in early June for a continuous supply of fresh salad greens throughout the summer.
- Spinach can also be sown directly into the ground or started indoors in trays. Starting them in June will allow you to have a late summer and autumn harvest.
- Peas can be sown in June for a fall harvest. Sow them directly into the ground or into trays for later transplanting.
- Tomatoes can be planted outdoors in late June, once the soil has warmed up and there is no longer a risk of frost. If you want to get a head start, you can start tomato seeds indoors in January and transplant them outdoors in late May or early June.
- Onions and leeks can be sown directly into the ground in June. These vegetables will benefit from a full season of growth and can be harvested in the following year. Alternatively, you can start onion and leek seeds indoors in trays in January and transplant them outdoors in April.
- French beans, runner beans, and broad beans can be sown directly into the ground in June. These beans prefer warm soils and will benefit from the summer temperatures.
- Parsnips can still be sown in June, although it is getting a bit late. If you sow parsnip seeds now, you can still have a harvest in late autumn or early winter.
- Potatoes should have already been planted earlier in the year. If you haven’t done so, it’s too late to plant them now.
When planting vegetables in June, keep in mind your specific climate and the average temperature during this time. The depth of planting and the time to transplanting will depend on these factors. If you’re unsure about when to plant a specific vegetable, it’s always handy to consult a planting guide or your local garden center for advice.
July is a great time to continue planting and nurturing your vegetable garden. The weather is warm and the soil is fertile, providing the perfect conditions for many crops to thrive.
If you’re starting from seeds, be sure to plant them indoors in March so they have time to grow into strong seedlings. This will give you the opportunity to transplant them into the ground once the risk of frost has passed.
For those who prefer to use sets or crowns, they can be planted directly into the ground in April. Onions and garlic should be planted in well-drained soil and given plenty of water.
If you’re looking to grow some head lettuce, starting them indoors in June and transplanting them into the ground in July is a great option. Lettuce thrives in a sunny and sandy position, so make sure to find the perfect spot for them.
Warm-loving crops like pumpkins and eggplants can be sown directly into the ground in July. The temperature is just right for them to grow and will produce a bountiful harvest in the autumn.
July is also a good time to check on your previous plantings. Make sure your carrot seedlings are growing well and continue to water them regularly. If you have planted cabbage, beets, or aubergines, they should be developing strong root systems by now.
For those who have a greenhouse or heated undercover area, July is a great time to start planting lettuce, cabbage, and other greens. This will allow them to get a head start on the cooler months and provide you with fresh produce for salads and other dishes.
Overall, July is a busy time in the vegetable garden. With the warm weather and longer days, there are plenty of opportunities to get your hands dirty and grow your own delicious and nutritious food.
In August, the weather conditions are usually warm and sunny, making it a great time to plant a variety of vegetables. While it may be a little late to start some crops from seed, there are still plenty of options for planting and sowing. Here’s what you need to know for the month of August:
In August, you can directly sow vegetables like leeks, lettuce, and beans. These crops can be sown directly into a sunny, well-prepared bed. Make sure to keep the soil moist throughout the germination and growth period.
If you have already started seedlings indoors or in a greenhouse, August is the time to transplant them into the garden. This includes vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, and sweetcorn. Check the recommended transplant date for your region and move the seedlings into their final position accordingly.
For a continual harvest, plan for successive sowings of vegetables throughout August. This means sowing small batches of crops like lettuce and greens every two weeks. This will ensure a fresh supply of salad greens throughout the late summer and early fall.
Cloches and cold frames
If you want to extend the growing season, consider using cloches or cold frames to protect your crops from colder temperatures. This can be especially useful towards the end of August and into September when temperatures may start to drop.
What to harvest
In August, you can continue to harvest crops that were planted earlier in the season. This includes vegetables like potatoes, French beans, broad beans, and salad greens. Enjoy the taste of fresh, organic produce straight from your garden!
August is a busy month in the vegetable garden, but with a little planning and preparation, you can have a bountiful harvest throughout the fall and even into the winter months. Keep an eye on the weather and adjust your planting schedule accordingly. Happy gardening!
September is a great month for planting a wide variety of vegetables. It is the perfect time to plant cabbage, as it is a cool-season crop. You should start the seeds indoors, but make sure to harden them off before transplanting them outside. Covering the young plants with a row cover can help protect them from any early frosts that may occur during this time of year.
September is also a good time to plant onions and pumpkins. Onions can be grown from sets or seedlings, and pumpkins need a sunny and well-drained spot in the garden. If you live in an area with sandy soil, it is important to water them regularly to ensure their growth.
If you have been growing french beans, it’s time to harvest them in September. When harvesting, be sure to pick them before the beans become hard and before the pods become yellow and dry. If you’re familiar with harvesting peppers, you can continue to do so during this month as well.
If you’re planning to grow eggplant, you can start the seeds indoors in September and transplant them later. Make sure the soil is well-drained and enriched with organic matter. The plants should be spaced 24-36 inches apart and the soil should be raked to a fine tilth before planting.
During September, you should also be familiarising yourself with the following plants for spring planting: carrots, lettuce, and peas. These plants can be grown indoors in a sunny position in the kitchen or on a windowsill.
It’s important to note that the specific planting times for each vegetable will depend on your climate. If you live in a cold climate, you may need to plant certain vegetables earlier in the year, such as in January, to ensure they have enough time to grow and mature before the cold weather sets in. On the other hand, if you live in a warmer climate, you may be able to plant certain vegetables later in the year, well into September or even October.
If you’re unsure about when to plant, it’s always a good idea to check with your local gardening center or consult a gardening calendar for your specific region. They will be able to provide you with the best dates to plant each type of vegetable based on your local climate.
Remember to choose a planting location that is suited to the specific needs of your vegetables. Some vegetables, like cabbage and onions, prefer full sun, while others, like lettuce, can tolerate some shade. Be sure to plant them in a place where they will receive the appropriate amount of sunlight for their type.
You should also avoid planting in waterlogged areas, as this can lead to root rot and other issues. If you have heavy clay soil, it may be beneficial to amend it with compost or other organic matter to improve drainage.
Overall, September is a great time for planting a wide array of vegetables. By following a planting calendar and familiarising yourself with the specific needs of each plant, you can ensure a successful gardening season and enjoy a bountiful harvest in the months to come.
In October, the weather starts to cool down and autumn is fully underway. This is the perfect time to start preparing for your winter vegetable garden. If you have a greenhouse, you can continue to grow crops such as beans and tomatoes in a controlled environment.
If you didn’t plant any beans or tomatoes in the previous months, don’t worry! You can still plant them now. Simply buy the seeds from your local suppliers or order them online. Make sure to avoid planting them outside if you’re in a region with cold conditions, as they won’t survive the winter.
For those who want to plan ahead, October is the time to start growing your potatoes indoors. Alternatively, you can start them in March and plant them outside in July. Potatoes are a versatile crop that can be grown in pots or directly in the ground, depending on your space and preferences.
If you’re looking to grow other vegetables in October, you can start by germinating seedlings of leeks, eggplant, and onions. These crops are often grown from seedlings rather than seeds, and they require a longer growing season. Start them in September and look for seedlings in garden centres or buy them online.
In October, you should also consider planting your autumn and winter crops. These include cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, and kale. These vegetables are suited to the cool and often wet conditions of autumn, so they will thrive during this time of year.
If you have already planted some crops in the previous months, now is the time to start harvesting them. Harvest crops such as peas, broad beans, onions, and beetroot. Enjoy the fruits of your labor and use them in your kitchen.
Throughout October, keep an eye on the weather and water your crops well. Autumn can often bring heavy rain, so make sure your vegetables have enough water to grow and thrive.
As the month comes to a close, start preparing for November. If you’re growing your seedlings indoors, it’s time to start hardening them off. Move them outside for a few hours each day to acclimate them to the outdoor conditions. This will prevent them from going into shock when you plant them outside.
If you have any empty spaces in your garden beds, consider planting some green manure crops. These crops, such as mustard or clover, can help improve the soil and add nutrients for the next year.
In conclusion, October is a great month to start planning and preparing your winter vegetable garden. With the right timing and knowledge of what crops are suited to your region, you can have a bountiful harvest all year round. Whether you’re a beginner or an expert gardener, October is a handy month to start growing your vegetables.
In November, it’s time to start preparing for the colder months ahead. While the temperatures may be dropping, there are still plenty of vegetables that can be planted or grown during this time.
What to plant
- Seedlings: November is a great time to plant seedlings for a variety of vegetables, including lettuce, peas, and cauliflower. These plants will continue to grow throughout the winter months and will provide you with a great harvest in the spring.
- Bulbs: You can also plant bulbs such as onions and garlic during November. Plant them in fertile soil, about 1-2 inches deep, and make sure to space them about 4-6 inches apart.
Indoors vs. outdoors
Knowing whether to start your vegetables indoors or directly in the ground is important for a successful harvest. For November, it’s best to start some vegetables indoors before moving them outside. This will ensure that they have a head start and are better equipped to handle the colder temperatures.
While some vegetables can withstand colder temperatures, including lettuce and peas, others will need some extra protection. Consider using a cloche or a cold frame to provide your plants with the necessary protection from frost and cold winds.
Water and soil conditions
During November, it’s important to keep an eye on the moisture levels in the soil. Waterlogged soil can be a problem for some vegetables, so make sure to provide proper drainage or choose a type of vegetable that can tolerate wet conditions, such as potatoes.
Additionally, make sure that the ground is well-prepared and the soil is fertile before planting. Add compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil quality.
If you have a greenhouse or a propagator, November is a good time to start sowing seeds for a wide array of vegetables, including tomatoes, aubergines, and pumpkins. By starting your seeds indoors, you can ensure that they have a longer growing season and will be ready to plant outside in the spring.
- Take advantage of the shorter days and lack of pests by starting your vegetable seedlings indoors.
- Keep an eye on the weather forecast and avoid planting during periods of heavy rain or frost.
- Continue to harvest any remaining crops from the previous months.
By following these tips and ideas, you can ensure a bountiful spring crop and enjoy fresh vegetables throughout the year.
December is an important month for gardeners, as it is the time to start planning for the upcoming growing season. Knowing what vegetables to plant in December will help you get a head start and ensure a successful harvest in the coming months.
Beforehand, you can start undercover by sowing seeds indoors. Planting trays or small pots can be used to start off early vegetable crops, such as cabbage, cauliflower, and spinach. By starting these vegetables indoors, you can ensure they are strong and healthy before transplanting them outdoors in late February or early March.
If you have a greenhouse or a heated propagator, you can also start sprouts and onion sets in December. These can be grown on in pots or cell trays and will be ready for transplanting outdoors in the spring.
December is also the time to plant garlic. This can be done directly into the ground or in pots. Make sure to plant the cloves with the pointed end facing up, and space them about 20 to 30cm apart. Garlic takes a long time to grow, but it is worth the wait as it can be harvested the following year.
If you are looking for a winter crop, consider planting spinach in December. Spinach is a hardy vegetable that can tolerate colder temperatures. By planting it now, you can enjoy fresh spinach throughout the winter months.
Other vegetables that can be planted in December include broad beans, onions, and peas. These vegetables can be sown directly into the ground or in pots and will continue to grow throughout the winter.
If you have a greenhouse or a cold frame, you can also consider growing salad crops, such as lettuce and radishes. These can be sown directly into pots or the ground and will provide you with fresh salad leaves during the winter months.
December is also a good time to start thinking about your vegetable garden for the following year. Take this opportunity to plan your crop rotation and decide which vegetables you want to grow. Consider the individual requirements of each vegetable and choose varieties that are suited to your climate and soil type.
If you have heavy clay soil, you may want to consider adding organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, to improve its structure. This will help to create a more fertile growing environment for your vegetables.
If you are unsure about what to plant in December, there are many gardening suppliers and expert advice available to help you. They can provide you with a month-by-month planting calendar and recommend the best vegetables to grow in your area.
December may be a quieter month in the vegetable garden, but there is still plenty to do. By planning ahead and taking the time to prepare your garden, you can ensure a bountiful harvest in the coming year.
What month do you plant vegetables
When it comes to planting vegetables, it’s important to keep in mind the position and climate of your garden. Here is a month-by-month guide to help you plan your vegetable garden:
- January: Salad greens such as lettuce and spinach can be sown in a greenhouse or on a windowsill for early spring harvest.
- February: Start planting and growing Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and early varieties of potatoes.
- March: This is the perfect time to sow sweetcorn seeds in a greenhouse or alternatively, you can start transplanting seedlings outdoors. The depth of planting should be about 75cm apart.
- April: Sow seeds for carrots, beetroot, and other root crops. Make sure the soil is well raked and free from any heavy clumps.
- May: Plant tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers in pots or containers for later transplanting. Provide protection like cloches or a greenhouse if the weather is still cold.
- June: Start your summer crop plantings, including beans, courgettes, and marrows. Water the seedlings regularly.
- July: Continue planting salad greens, such as lettuce, for a continuous harvest throughout the summer.
- August: Sow seeds for autumn and winter crops, including cabbage and kale. Use a propagator or greenhouse to provide the necessary warmth and light.
- September: Start planting for next year’s harvest, such as overwintering onions and garlic. Take a look at the calendar for specific planting dates.
- October: Prepare your garden for winter by clearing out old crops and tidying up. Take this time to familiarize yourself with next year’s planting ideas.
- November: Protect your crops from the cold by using frames or cloches. Harvest any remaining vegetables that are still growing.
- December: This is a good time to start sorting through seed suppliers and ordering seeds for the upcoming year. Take note of any specific planting dates.
Remember, this guide provides a general timeline for planting vegetables. It’s important to consider your specific climate and soil conditions before starting your planting journey. Happy gardening!