December 20


Top 10 Bird-Friendly Plants That Will Bring Life to Your Garden

Plants for birds – 10 of the best to attract birds to your garden

If you want to attract feathered visitors to your garden, providing them with food, shelter, and nesting options is vital. Birds are great to have around, and they can also help keep down pests like insects. There are many species of birds that will eat the seeds of plants grown in your garden, while others will take shelter and build their homes in shrubs and trees.

When choosing plants for your garden, it is important to consider native species over invasive ones. Native plants are those that have grown naturally in a specific area without human intervention, while invasive species have taken over other plants and can harm the surrounding environment. Native plants are well-adapted to the local climate and conditions, making them a better choice for birds and other wildlife.

Plants for birds – how to choose them

When choosing plants to attract birds to your garden, there are several factors to consider. The right plants will provide food, shelter, and nesting material for a wide variety of bird species.

1. Select plants that produce seeds

Seed-producing plants are a great choice for attracting birds. Many species, such as finches and sparrows, rely on seeds as a primary food source. Look for plants that produce small, easy-to-eat seeds.

2. Consider plants that provide nectar

Some bird species, like hummingbirds and orioles, are attracted to plants that produce nectar. Choose plants with colorful, tubular flowers that provide a good nectar source.

3. Plant a variety of trees and woody plants

Trees and woody plants are essential for providing nesting sites and shelter for birds. They also offer perching and roosting spots. Consider planting a mix of evergreen and deciduous trees to provide year-round habitat.

4. Look for plants with dense foliage

Birds need cover to feel safe and protected. Choose plants with dense foliage that can provide shelter from predators and harsh weather conditions. Shrubs and bushes with thick, leafy growth are ideal choices.

5. Opt for plants with a variety of forms

Different bird species have different preferences when it comes to feeding and perching. Select plants with various forms, such as trees, bushes, and vines, to accommodate the needs of different birds.

6. Avoid invasive species

6. Avoid invasive species

Avoid planting invasive species that can negatively impact native bird populations. Check with your local conservation authorities to identify plants that are invasive in your area.

7. Provide year-round food sources

7. Provide year-round food sources

Choose plants that produce food throughout the year. This ensures that birds have a reliable food source even during the winter months when natural food is scarce. Consider plants with berries or fruits that persist into the colder months.

8. Include plants that attract insects

Insects are an important food source for many bird species, especially during the breeding season. Plant species, such as asclepias and staghorn, that attract insects like butterflies and bees to provide additional food for birds.

9. Avoid pesticide use

Avoid using pesticides in your garden, as they can be harmful to birds and other wildlife. Instead, focus on providing natural habitats and using organic gardening practices to manage pests.

10. Consider native plants

Native plants are well adapted to the local climate and provide the most suitable habitat for native bird species. Check with your local Audubon Society or USDA for a list of native plants that are attractive to birds in your area.

By choosing plants that offer a variety of food sources, shelter, and nesting materials, you can create an attractive garden that will thrive with bird activity throughout the year. Happy gardening!

1 Trumpet honeysuckle – Lonicera Sempervirens

The trumpet honeysuckle, also known as Lonicera Sempervirens, is a native plant that attracts birds to your garden. This plant is specifically loved by hummingbirds and other nectar-feeding birds. When in full bloom, it displays bright red or orange tubular flowers that are very attractive to birds.

This deciduous vine prefers sunny, moist areas and can be found in USDA hardiness zones 4-9. It can be grown from seedlings or cuttings, making it a versatile plant to add to your garden. The trumpet honeysuckle is also a great option for those who prefer native plants, as it is locally sourced and does not require any pesticides or invasive measures to grow.

One of the things that makes the trumpet honeysuckle so attractive to birds is its long bloom time. The flowers can persist for several months, providing a consistent source of nectar. This is especially important during the summer months when many other nectar-producing plants may be past their blooming stages. The trumpet honeysuckle also produces small fruit that birds like goldfinches and warblers enjoy.

This plant is also known for its ability to attract birds even when not in bloom. The trumpet honeysuckle has dense, leafy foliage that provides cover and nesting material for birds. It can be grown on a trellis, fence, or large tree to give birds a safe and comfortable place to call home. The vine-like growth habit of the trumpet honeysuckle can also provide a natural screen or barrier for your garden.

If you are considering planting the trumpet honeysuckle in your garden, make sure to choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. It prefers full sun but can tolerate part shade. It is best to plant it somewhere where you can enjoy its vibrant display, as well as provide a food source for birds.

Overall, the trumpet honeysuckle is one of the best plants for attracting birds to your garden. Its native status, low maintenance requirements, attractive flowers, and ability to provide a habitat for birds make it a top choice for bird enthusiasts.

2 Sunflowers – Helianthus spp

Sunflowers, known scientifically as Helianthus spp, are a specific type of plant that attracts birds to your garden. Their vibrant yellow flowers and tall stature make them a popular choice for many gardeners.

Sunflowers prefer full sun and well-drained soil. They can grow up to 10 feet tall and have large, sturdy stems that can support their heavy flowers. It’s important to stake them down or provide some support to prevent them from falling over in strong winds.

These plants are easy to grow from seed, and the first flowers typically bloom in mid-summer. Sunflowers are particularly attractive to birds, including goldfinches, warblers, and bees. Their fluffy seed heads provide plenty of food for the birds, making them a welcome addition to any garden.

When planting sunflowers, it’s important to give them enough space to grow. They need about 1-2 feet between plants, depending on the variety. Sunflowers can also be grown in pots, but make sure to use a large, deep potting container to accommodate their long taproots.

While sunflowers are generally pest-free, they can sometimes attract aphids or other common garden pests. If you notice any pests on your plants, you can use an organic insecticide or simply wash them off with water.

Benefits of growing sunflowers:

  • Attractive to birds and bees
  • Provides food and shelter
  • Easy to grow from seed
  • Beautiful display of flowers
  • Native to many regions

Sunflowers also have a range of uses beyond attracting birds. Their seeds can be harvested and eaten or used to make oil. The oil can be used for cooking or as an ingredient in skincare products. Additionally, sunflowers make a great addition to floral arrangements and can add a pop of color to any room.

Whether you have a large garden or just a small balcony, sunflowers can be a wonderful addition to your outdoor space. Their bright, sun-like flowers and tall stalks will surely catch the attention of both birds and humans alike.

3 Serviceberry – Amelanchier spp

The Serviceberry, also known as Amelanchier spp, is a beautiful plant that can attract a wide variety of birds to your garden. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree that displays stunning white flowers in the spring. These flowers are followed by small, edible black or red fruits that are loved by birds.

The Serviceberry is a versatile plant that can grow in a variety of conditions. It can be grown in full sun or part shade and prefers well-drained soil. Some species can even tolerate wet soil, making them ideal for areas with poor drainage.

One of the best things about the Serviceberry is that it attracts birds all year-round. In the spring, it provides nectar for hummingbirds and warblers. During the summer, the fruits are eaten by a variety of birds, including robins and thrushes. In the fall, the colorful leaves of the Serviceberry make it an attractive option for birds looking for a place to build their nests.

The Serviceberry is also a host plant for a variety of butterfly species. The leaves of the plant provide food and shelter for butterfly larvae, which can bring even more beauty to your garden.

To attract birds to your garden with Serviceberry, consider planting it alongside other nectar-rich plants, such as coneflowers and asters. These plants will provide additional food sources for birds and butterflies.

When planting Serviceberry, be sure to choose a species that is locally adapted to your area. This will ensure that the plant thrives and provides the best habitat for birds. You can find locally sourced Serviceberry plants from nurseries or native plant societies.

Because Serviceberry is a woody plant, it may take some time for it to establish itself in your garden. Experts recommend starting with a young transplant to give it the best chance of success.

Serviceberry can be planted as a standalone shrub or tree, or used in hedges and privacy screens. Its attractive form and foliage make it a great choice for any garden.

One thing to keep in mind when planting Serviceberry or any other plants for birds is to avoid using pesticides. Birds can be harmed by pesticides, so it’s best to take a natural approach to pest control.

The Serviceberry is a great addition to any bird-friendly garden. Its attractive flowers, fruits, and foliage will not only provide a habitat for birds but also add beauty and inspiration to your outdoor space.

Features Details
Grows best in Sunny or part shade
Attracts Hummingbirds, warblers, robins, thrushes, butterflies
Best planting options With coneflowers, asters, and other nectar-rich plants
USDA hardiness zones 3-9
Leaf type Deciduous
Form Shrub or small tree
Preferred soil type Well-drained
Seeds or nectar Fruits provide food for birds, while flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds and warblers
Special features Provides nesting material and habitat; attractive foliage and flowers

4 Milkweed – Asclepias spp

Milkweed plants are a vital source of food and shelter for a variety of birds, including monarch butterflies. With their delicate, fluffy, white or pink flowers, milkweeds are a beautiful addition to any garden.

There are several species of milkweed that you can choose from, including Asclepias tuberosa, Asclepias incarnata, and Asclepias syriaca. These plants typically grow to around 2-4 feet in height and have a wide variety of colorful flowers.

Milkweed plants are known for producing seeds that are favored by birds. The seeds have fluffy hairs that allow them to catch the wind and be dispersed over large distances. Additionally, the nectar produced by the flowers attracts bees and other pollinators, which in turn attract birds.

When choosing milkweed plants for your garden, it is important to consider the specific species that are native to your area. Native milkweed plants are the best choice as they have coevolved with local birds and wildlife, providing the best source of food and shelter. You can purchase milkweed plants from local nurseries or grow them from seed indoors.

To start milkweed seedlings indoors, you will need to plant the seeds in a well-draining potting mix and keep them in a warm and sunny location. Once the seedlings have reached a height of around 2-3 inches, you can transplant them outdoors. Alternatively, you can direct sow the seeds outdoors in the late fall or early spring.

Milkweed plants are not only important for attracting birds but also for supporting other wildlife. They are a host plant for monarch butterfly caterpillars, and the flowers provide nectar for a wide variety of insects. By including milkweed in your garden, you are creating a diverse habitat that will attract and support a wide range of wildlife.

It is worth noting that some species of milkweed can be invasive. Asclepias syriaca, also known as common milkweed, can spread rapidly and may require regular maintenance to keep it from taking over your garden. If you are concerned about invasive species, you can choose to plant native alternatives such as Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed) or Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed).

Overall, milkweed plants are a fantastic choice for attracting birds to your garden. Their beautiful flowers, nectar-rich blooms, and tasty seeds make them a favorite of many bird species. By including milkweeds in your garden, you will not only provide a reliable food source for birds, but also create a stunning display of color and fragrance.

5 Elderberry – Sambucus canadensis

The Elderberry, or Sambucus canadensis, is a popular plant for attracting birds to the garden. It is native to North America and is known for its clusters of small white flowers and dark purple berries. This plant is listed as a preferred food source by the USDA for many bird species, particularly warblers.

Elderberry is easy to grow and prefers full sun to partial shade. It can be propagated by sowing the seeds or by transplanting seedlings. This woody shrub can reach heights of up to 12 feet and can be trained to grow against a fence or trellis. It is a fast grower and can provide cover for birds year-round.

The Elderberry is a haven for wildlife in the garden. Its flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators, while its berries are loved by birds. The dense foliage of this plant provides shelter for birds, particularly during the hot summer months or when it is raining.

One of the best options for attracting birds to your garden is the ‘Black Lace’ variety of Elderberry, which has dark purple leaves that create a striking contrast in the garden. Another popular variety is the ‘York’ Elderberry, which has large, flavorful berries that are great for making jams and jellies.

To give your Elderberry plant the best chance of attracting birds to your garden, it is important to avoid using pesticides or other chemicals. Birds may be deterred by these substances or may even be harmed if they eat them. Instead, opt for natural pest control methods or plant companion plants that attract beneficial insects to help keep pests under control.

In terms of maintenance, Elderberry plants are relatively low-maintenance. They can be pruned in early spring to promote new growth and maintain a tidy appearance. However, avoid pruning too much, as this can negatively impact berry production.

Overall, Elderberry is a great plant for attracting birds to your garden. Its beautiful flowers and tasty berries make it a favorite among both birds and gardeners. Consider adding this native species to your garden to create a wildlife-friendly haven.

6 Virginia creeper – Parthenocissus quinquefolia

The Virginia creeper, or Parthenocissus quinquefolia, is a climbing vine that is known for its attractive leaf form and vibrant autumn colors. It is a native plant in North America and is a common sight in many gardens. Virginia creeper can grow up to 50 feet in height and prefers partial shade to full sun conditions.

This plant is a vital source of food for birds, particularly in the spring when they are building nests and need energy. The dense foliage of the Virginia creeper provides cover for birds, ensuring their privacy and protection from predators. The vine also attracts butterflies, bees, and other pollinators, making it a valuable addition to any garden.

In terms of growing conditions, the Virginia creeper is a hardy plant that can adapt to a wide range of soil types. It prefers damp, well-drained soil and can tolerate both sunny and shady areas. The plant is also resistant to many pests and diseases, making it a low-maintenance choice for gardeners.

If you want to attract birds to your garden, planting Virginia creeper is a great option. The plant produces small, black berries that birds, such as warblers and thrushes, enjoy. Additionally, the dense foliage provides shelter for birds, making it an attractive nesting spot.

To propagate Virginia creeper, you can take cuttings from an established plant or sow seeds. It is also possible to find potted Virginia creeper plants at nurseries and garden centers. The plant tends to grow quickly, so it is important to provide a sturdy structure, such as a trellis or fence, for it to climb on.

Overall, Virginia creeper is a versatile and attractive plant that can enhance any garden. Its vibrant colors and dense foliage make it a standout choice, while its ability to attract birds and pollinators adds to its appeal. Whether you have a large garden or a small balcony, Virginia creeper is a great addition to any space.

7 Staghorn sumac – Rhus typhina

The staghorn sumac, scientifically known as Rhus typhina, is a deciduous tree that is native to North America. It is well-known for providing food and habitat to various bird species.

The staghorn sumac can be propagated through seeds or cuttings. It can grow up to 30 feet tall and has a spreading growth habit. Its distinctive velvety branches resemble the antlers of a stag, hence the common name “staghorn” sumac.

This tree can be grown both outdoors in gardens and indoors as a houseplant. It is a fantastic plant to build privacy hedges or provide cover for birds and other wildlife.

The staghorn sumac is a part of the Rhus genus and is a member of the Anacardiaceae family. It is a popular choice among birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts due to its ability to attract a wide range of bird species.

The staghorn sumac produces clusters of red, cone-shaped berries in the late summer, which are loved by birds. Birds are also attracted to the plant’s bright red autumn foliage and its delicate yellow flowers that bloom in early summer.

This inspirational plant prefers well-drained soil and can tolerate a wide range of conditions, including full sun or partial shade. It is hardy in USDA zones 4-8.

While the staghorn sumac is not invasive, its rapid growth and ability to produce suckers from the root system may cause it to spread if not regularly maintained. However, it is a great plant for attracting wildlife and adding beauty to a garden.

To grow staghorn sumac from seedlings, you can collect seeds locally or purchase them from a reputable source. Alternatively, you can take cuttings from an existing plant and root them in a potting mix.

In terms of pests, staghorn sumac is relatively resistant. However, it may attract aphids, which can be controlled using organic methods or insecticidal soaps. Deer and rabbits may also eat the leaves and bark of young plants, so additional protection may be necessary.

In conclusion, the staghorn sumac is a vital plant for birds and other wildlife. Its red berries, vibrant flowers, and foliage provide a valuable food source and habitat. Planting staghorn sumac along with other bird-attracting plants such as sunflowers, coneflowers, and milkweed can create a bird-friendly garden that is sure to be enjoyed by both humans and birds alike.

8 Coneflower – echinacea

The coneflower, also known as echinacea, is a popular plant among bird enthusiasts. It is a native North American perennial that attracts not only birds but also butterflies and bees. Coneflowers are easy to grow and can be a colorful addition to any garden.

One of the things that make coneflowers so attractive to birds is their range of flowers. They come in a variety of colors, including pink, purple, white, and yellow, which can help attract different species of birds. According to Matthew Rutter from the Royal Horticultural Society, the plants prefer well-drained soil and a sunny location.

In terms of potting, coneflowers are best planted in their permanent location. They do not like to be moved once they are established. It is recommended to start the plants from seed or purchase young plants from a nursery.

Coneflowers are known to be a great source of nectar, especially in the early summer months. Their perching stems make it easier for birds to access the nectar, and the flowers’ shape and size are suitable for many bird species. According to the Audubon Society, coneflowers are particularly attractive to finches, like goldfinches and house finches.

In addition to providing nectar, coneflowers also attract birds with their seeds. The flowers produce cones filled with small seeds that many species of birds enjoy. The stems of the coneflowers also offer a potential nesting material for birds.

In terms of companion planting, coneflowers go well with other plants like asters, milkweed, and shrubs. These plants provide cover and food sources for birds. The National Wildlife Federation recommends planting a variety of plants to attract a diversity of bird species.

In summary, coneflowers are a great plant choice for attracting birds to your garden. Their colorful flowers, nectar-rich blooms, and seed offerings make them an enticing option for many bird species. Whether you are starting coneflowers from seeds or purchasing young plants, providing these plants in your garden can create an inspirational haven for both birds and other wildlife.

9 Beautyberry – Callicarpa americana

The beautyberry, or Callicarpa americana, is a delicate and beautiful plant that is a great choice for attracting birds to your garden. There are many species of birds that are attracted to the beautyberry, including perching birds, hummingbirds, and bees. The beautyberry produces small, white flowers in early summer, which then develop into vibrant purple berries in the late summer and fall. These berries are a great source of food for birds during the winter months.

Beautyberry is a woody shrub that can grow up to 6 feet tall and wide. It is important to choose a sunny location for your beautyberry, as it needs full sun to thrive. While it can tolerate a range of soil types, it is best grown in well-drained soil. Beautyberry is relatively pest-free and does not require much maintenance.

To attract birds to your garden with beautyberry, you can choose to grow it from seed or purchase seedlings from a local nursery. Beautyberry seeds can be sown in a greenhouse in late winter, or they can be sown directly into the ground in early spring. It is important to keep the soil moist during the growing season to help the plants establish roots.

Once the beautyberry plants are established and growing well, they will attract birds with their vibrant purple berries. Birds will eat the berries directly from the plant, or they may carry the berries back to their nests for later consumption. The dense foliage of the beautyberry also provides birds with privacy and protection, making it a great choice for nesting birds.

Alternatively, you can choose to start your beautyberry from cuttings. Cuttings should be taken in late winter or early spring, and they should be about 4 to 6 inches long. The cuttings can be rooted in water or in a well-drained potting mix. Once they have developed roots, they can be transplanted into the garden.

In addition to attracting birds, the beautyberry also provides habitat for butterflies and other pollinators. The flowers are a great source of nectar for butterflies, and the berries provide a food source for many different species of butterflies. The beautyberry is a great plant to include in your garden if you want to attract a variety of wildlife.

Overall, the beautyberry – Callicarpa americana is a large and beautiful plant that is a great choice for attracting birds to your garden. Its vibrant purple berries are a great source of food for birds during the winter months, and its dense foliage provides privacy and nesting material for birds. Whether you choose to grow it from seeds or cuttings, the beautyberry is a vital plant for attracting birds and other wildlife to your garden.

10 Aster – Symphotrichum spp

Asters, also known as Symphotrichum spp, are vital plants for attracting birds to your garden. They help provide food and shelter for birds, making your garden a haven for wildlife.

There are many varieties of asters that can attract birds to your garden, including the New England aster, the sky blue aster, and the smooth aster. These plants are easy to grow and transplant, making them a great choice for any garden.

When choosing a location to plant your asters, make sure it is an area with full or partial sun. Asters look best when planted in groups, so consider planting several together for a more attractive display.

Asters are most attractive to birds in the fall when their flowers are in full bloom. The flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds and other birds, while the seeds are a source of food for finches and other seed-eating birds.

Asters also provide cover for birds, especially when planted near shrubs or trees. The dense foliage of the plants can make a great nesting site for birds, providing protection from predators.

If you’re interested in attracting specific birds to your garden with asters, the Audubon Society recommends planting them alongside other bird-friendly plants, such as milkweed and coneflowers. These plants provide a variety of food sources, cover, and nesting materials for birds.

Asters are fast-growing plants that can reach heights of up to three feet. They can be grown as perennials in USDA zones 4-8 and as annuals in other areas. Asters prefer well-drained soil and should be watered regularly, especially during dry periods.

If you want to enjoy asters indoors, they can be grown in containers and used as cut flowers. Simply take cuttings from your asters and place them in a vase with water. The flowers will last for several days, providing a burst of color to any room.

Benefits of Planting Asters in Your Garden:

  • Asters attract a wide variety of birds, including warblers, finches, and hummingbirds.
  • They provide a vital food source for birds in the fall, when other food sources may be scarce.
  • Asters provide shelter and nesting sites for birds, helping to increase their populations.
  • They are easy to grow and require little maintenance.
  • Asters add color and beauty to your garden, making it more enjoyable for you as well.

Tips for Planting Asters:

  1. Sow asters seeds in the spring or fall, following the instructions on the seed packet.
  2. Choose a location with well-drained soil and full or partial sun.
  3. Water your asters regularly, especially during dry periods.
  4. Consider planting asters near other bird-friendly plants to attract a wide variety of birds.
  5. Prune your asters in the winter to encourage new growth in the spring.

By planting asters in your garden, you can create a vibrant and welcoming space for birds to enjoy. So why not give them a try and see the birds flock to your garden?

What can I grow to feed birds

When it comes to attracting birds to your garden, one of the best things you can do is provide them with a variety of plants that offer a source of food. Birds need a diverse diet to stay healthy, which includes both seeds and insects. Here are some suggestions for plants you can grow to feed birds:

Trees and shrubs

Trees and shrubs

  • Fast-growing trees: Planting fast-growing trees like willows and poplars will provide birds with quick shelter and a source of insects.
  • Nectar-rich trees: Choosing trees like flowering cherries and crabapples will attract birds with their attractive blooms and nectar.
  • Deciduous trees: Birds often prefer deciduous trees because they provide a greater variety of insects and fruits.
  • Staghorn sumac: This shrub is known to attract not only birds but also butterflies with its bright red fruits.
  • Sunflowers: Sunflowers are popular with birds because they produce an abundance of seeds.

Plants and flowers

  • Coneflowers: These vibrant flowers are not only attractive to birds but also to butterflies.
  • Sambucus: This woody shrub produces clusters of berries that birds love to eat.
  • Various fruits: Planting a wide range of fruit-bearing trees and shrubs will attract different bird species.

Tips for choosing and growing

When choosing plants for your garden, make sure to select ones that are native to your area, as they will be adapted to the local climate and provide the best food source for birds.

Provide plenty of shelter and nesting material for birds. Trees and shrubs that have a dense structure will not only give birds a place to build their nests but also provide protection from predators.

Start with small seedlings or cuttings and give them plenty of room to grow. Most trees and shrubs need well-drained soil and prefer a sunny location.

It’s also a good idea to create a bird-friendly haven by providing a bird feeder and a bird bath. This will help attract birds to your garden and give them a reliable food and water source.

What shrubs attract birds

When it comes to attracting birds to your garden, shrubs are a great place to start. Many bird species prefer to nest and forage in shrubs because they provide both shelter and food.

One shrub that attracts birds is the black elderberry (Sambucus nigra). Birds love the small, black berries that this shrub produces. Planting a variety of shrubs that produce berries of different colors and sizes can attract a wider range of bird species.

Another shrub that birds enjoy is the common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca). Birds will often use the fluffy seed pods of this plant to line their nests, and the nectar from its flowers is a great source of food for many species.

For gardens with partial shade, the staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) is an attractive option. Its red fruit clusters in late summer and early fall are a favorite of birds like goldfinches. The dense branches of this shrub also provide excellent cover for nesting.

Native shrubs are also important for attracting birds to your garden. Native species like the red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea) and the American beautyberry (Callicarpa americana) have adapted to the local climate and wildlife, making them an ideal food source for birds.

It’s important to choose shrubs that will thrive in your garden’s conditions. Some shrubs, like the Jordan Valley chokecherry (Prunus virginiana ‘Jordan Valley’), prefer full sun, while others, like the buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), can tolerate partial shade.

When it comes to gardening for birds, providing a variety of shrubs with different types of fruit, flowers, and foliage is vital. This will ensure that there is always something available for birds to eat throughout the year.

In terms of growing shrubs that attract birds, it’s helpful to encourage natural habitats and nesting spots. Planting shrubs near trees or structures like fences or trellises can provide birds with shelter and places to build their nests.

Another important factor to consider is the timing of blooming and fruiting. Some birds, like hummingbirds, rely on nectar as a food source, so having shrubs that bloom early in the season, like the mountain-mint (Pycnanthemum), can be a great way to attract them.

It’s also a good idea to have a source of water in your garden, like a birdbath or a small pond. Birds need water not just for drinking, but also for bathing and feather maintenance.

Overall, shrubs are a great addition to any garden for attracting birds. They provide shelter, food, and nesting opportunities, making your garden a haven for all kinds of beautiful wildlife to enjoy.

How do I attract birds to my backyard

Attracting birds to your backyard can bring a lively and enjoyable atmosphere to your outdoor space. Birds are not only beautiful and peaceful to watch, but they also play an important role in pollinating flowers and controlling pests.

If you want to attract birds to your backyard, here are some tips to get started:

1. Create a bird-friendly environment

  • Plant a variety of trees, shrubs, and flowers to provide birds with food and shelter.
  • Choose native plants as they are more likely to thrive in your local climate and provide natural food sources.
  • Provide birdhouses or nesting boxes for specific bird species that you want to attract.
  • Include a water source, such as a birdbath or a small pond, for birds to drink and bathe.

2. Avoid using pesticides

2. Avoid using pesticides

Birds rely on insects for food, especially during the breeding season. Using pesticides can harm the insects that birds feed on and, in turn, affect the bird population in your backyard. Instead, try using natural pest control methods or tolerate a certain amount of insect activity.

3. Provide food all year round

3. Provide food all year round

While birds can find food on their own, providing supplemental food can attract more bird species to your backyard. Use bird feeders and offer a variety of bird foods such as seeds, suet, and nectar. Make sure to keep the feeders clean and regularly refill them, especially during winter when food sources are scarce.

4. Create nesting habitats

Offer different types of nesting sites for birds. Some birds, like warblers, prefer dense shrubs or trees, while others may prefer open nesting platforms or hanging baskets. Leave dead trees or tree snags as they provide homes for cavity-nesting birds like woodpeckers and owls.

5. Provide privacy and shelter

Birds feel more secure in areas with protective cover. Planting evergreen trees and shrubs can create privacy and shelter for birds while they feed, rest, or nest.

6. Practice responsible gardening

When choosing plants and flowers, consider those that produce berries, seeds, or nectar that birds can feed on. Avoid planting invasive species as they can harm native bird habitats and food sources.

By following these tips, you can create a bird haven in your backyard and enjoy the beauty and sounds of our feathered friends.


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