Topiary is a popular gardening technique that involves shaping plants into decorative forms. There are many types of plants that can be used for topiary, each offering its own unique characteristics and benefits. If you’re looking to create beautiful and intricate shapes in your garden, then read on to discover 9 of the best plants for topiary.
Box is one of the most popular plants for topiary due to its dense foliage and ability to tolerate frequent pruning. This evergreen shrub grows slowly and can be easily clipped into various shapes, making it a favorite choice for both formal and informal topiary designs.
If you’re looking for a plant that can withstand less sunlight and harsh winter conditions, then yew is the perfect choice. This evergreen shrub has dark green foliage and can be clipped into many different shapes. Yew is particularly useful for creating standard-shaped topiary.
English Box (Buxus sempervirens ‘Suffruticosa’)
For small gardens or those with limited space, English box is a great alternative to traditional boxwood. This slow-growing plant is known for its neat, small, and glossy dark green leaves. English box is particularly suitable for creating intricate and detailed topiary shapes.
Privet is a vigorous plant that can tolerate a wide range of soil and light conditions. It grows quickly and can be easily clipped into various shapes. Privet is a popular choice for creating hedges and can be used for both formal and informal topiary designs.
Japanese Holly (Ilex crenata)
If you’re looking for a plant with beautiful foliage and versatile growth habits, then Japanese holly is a good option. This evergreen shrub has small, glossy leaves that can be clipped into different shapes. Japanese holly is particularly suitable for creating small and intricate topiary designs.
Podocarpus is a slow-growing evergreen tree that thrives in warm and moist conditions. It has dense foliage and can be easily clipped into various topiary shapes. Podocarpus is a popular choice for creating larger and more imposing topiary specimens.
Euonymus (Euonymus japonicus)
If you’re looking for a plant with attractive foliage that can tolerate a wide range of conditions, then euonymus is a great choice. This evergreen shrub has glossy leaves and can be clipped into various shapes. Euonymus is particularly useful for creating topiary in sunny and fertile parts of the garden.
If you want your topiary to have beautiful flowers as well as attractive foliage, then camellias are a wonderful option. These evergreen shrubs produce vibrant and productive blooms and can be easily clipped into different shapes. Camellias are particularly suitable for creating topiary designs that incorporate flowering elements.
For those who want something a little different, corokia is a great choice. This evergreen shrub has unusual and unique foliage that can be easily clipped into various shapes. Corokia is particularly suitable for creating modern and trendy topiary designs.
When selecting plants for topiary, it’s important to choose ones that can tolerate frequent trimming and shaping. You should also consider the specific needs of each plant, such as soil type, sunlight requirements, and growth habits. By selecting the right plants and giving them proper care, you can create stunning topiary designs that will be the envy of your garden.
Best plants for topiary
Says an expert gardener, when it comes to creating topiary, it’s important to select the right plants.
Camellias normally thrive in full sunlight, but some varieties can tolerate part shade. They are evergreen shrubs with glossy and variegated leaves, making them perfect for shaping into neat and formal topiary designs.
Euonymus is a versatile plant that can be used for both hedging and topiary. It grows well in full sunlight or part shade and has beautiful variegated foliage.
Podocarpus is an evergreen plant that grows well in well-drained soil. It can tolerate full sunlight or part shade and is particularly useful for creating standard topiary trees.
Privet is a popular choice for topiary as it is a vigorous grower and can tolerate pruning well. It needs fertile and well-drained soil and can grow in full sunlight or part shade.
Corokia is a wonderful plant for topiary, especially for creating shapes with its dark and glossy foliage. It grows well in full sunlight or part shade and requires moist and well-drained soil.
English boxwood is a classic choice for topiary. It has small and dense foliage that can be easily clipped into various shapes. It grows well in full sunlight or part shade and needs well-drained soil.
Gardenia “Radicans” is a dwarf variety of gardenia that is perfect for small homes and gardens. It has glossy green foliage and beautiful white flowers, and it thrives in full sunlight or part shade with well-drained soil.
Japanese holly is a popular choice for topiary because of its dense and compact growth habit. It grows well in full sunlight or part shade and needs well-drained soil.
Yew is a classic choice for topiary and is known for its dark green foliage. It grows well in full sunlight or part shade and needs well-drained soil.
In order to keep your topiary plants looking their best, regular trimming is essential. You should clip these plants in summer, after their growth has slowed down. Remember to keep the shape of your topiary intact by pruning back any stray branches.
1 Buxus sempervirens – box
When it comes to topiary, one of the most popular and versatile plants is Buxus sempervirens, commonly known as box. This evergreen shrub is known for its dense foliage and compact growth habit, making it ideal for clipping into various shapes.
Box plants grow best in well-drained, fertile soil and prefer a sunny or partially shaded location. They can tolerate full sunlight as long as the soil is kept consistently moist. However, they also thrive in sheltered areas and are particularly useful for creating topiary in gardens that are exposed to strong winds.
One of the best qualities of Buxus sempervirens is its ability to maintain its shape well. This makes it perfect for creating geometric or formal designs, as well as more whimsical shapes like animals or characters. Box plants also respond well to regular pruning, which helps to keep them looking neat and tidy.
In addition to the traditional green variety, there are also variegated box plants available, such as Buxus sempervirens ‘Aureovariegata’ (gold-edged box). These can add an extra dimension to your topiary designs and provide visual interest.
When selecting box plants for topiary, it’s best to choose specimens that are young and vigorous. These plants are more likely to establish well and respond better to shaping and trimming. Look for plants with healthy foliage and compact growth.
In recent years, there has been a trend towards using alternatives to box for topiary, such as Euonymus japonicus and Podocarpus. These plants also have dense foliage and can be clipped into neat shapes, making them suitable for creating topiary specimens.
Whether you choose box or one of the alternatives, topiary can be a rewarding and creative way to enhance your garden. With a little bit of patience and regular maintenance, you can create stunning designs that will be the star of your outdoor space.
2 Ligustrum delavayanum – delavay privet
The Ligustrum delavayanum, commonly known as delavay privet, is a popular choice for topiary due to its versatile nature and attractive foliage. These shrubs are fertile and can grow in various conditions, making them suitable for both winter and summer gardens.
Delavay privet is a slow-growing evergreen, and its dense foliage provides an excellent base for shaping into various topiary designs. It can take several years to establish a mature shape, so patience is key when working with this plant. The variegated varieties of Ligustrum delavayanum are particularly eye-catching and add more visual interest to the topiary.
This plant prefers moist, well-draining soil and thrives in full sunlight or part shade. However, it needs protection from strong winds, so it is essential to select a sheltered spot in the garden for it. The glossy leaves and vigorous growth of Ligustrum delavayanum make it a wonderful addition to any garden.
To keep your delavay privet in shape, regular pruning is necessary. However, it is recommended to avoid heavy pruning, as this can damage the plant and affect its growth. Instead, light trimming will promote a neat and compact shape.
If you are looking for alternatives to Ligustrum delavayanum, consider euonymus, corokia, podocarpus, or ilex. These plants have similar growth habits and can tolerate different soil and sunlight conditions.
In conclusion, Ligustrum delavayanum is an excellent choice for topiary enthusiasts. Its slow-growing nature, evergreen foliage, and ability to tolerate various conditions make it a versatile plant for shaping into beautiful designs. Whether you are a beginner or an expert, delavay privet is sure to add an elegant touch to your garden.
3 Ilex – holly
The Ilex, commonly known as holly, is a popular plant used for topiary. It thrives in full sunlight and can tolerate a variety of soil types, making it a versatile choice for many gardens. Holly is often used for hedging, but it also makes excellent topiary specimens.
There are many varieties of holly to choose from, but some of the best for topiary are the Japanese holly (Ilex crenata), the English holly (Ilex aquifolium), and the variegated holly (Ilex aquifolium ‘Argentea Marginata’).
Holly plants are well-suited for topiary because they naturally grow into upright, dense shapes. They can easily be trained and clipped into different forms, making them ideal for creating unique topiary designs.
Holly plants have specific needs when it comes to trimming and shaping. It is best to prune them in early spring or early fall to promote healthy growth. They should be clipped regularly to maintain their shape and prevent them from becoming overgrown.
When selecting holly plants for topiary, it is important to choose those that are vigorous and productive. Look for plants that have a good shape and dense foliage. Avoid plants that are leggy or have sparse growth.
Holly plants prefer well-drained, fertile soil. They also require regular watering, especially during dry periods. It is important to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged, as this can lead to root rot.
Holly plants are evergreen and have dark, glossy leaves, which provide a beautiful backdrop for topiary designs. They can be used to create both formal and informal shapes, and they add a touch of elegance to any garden.
In addition to holly, there are other alternatives for topiary, such as podocarpus and euonymus. These plants also have dense foliage and can be shaped into various forms.
When planting holly plants for topiary, it is important to give them enough space to grow. They should be spaced apart according to their needs, which may vary depending on the specific variety.
Holly plants are slow-growing, so it may take some time for them to reach their desired shape. However, with patience and regular pruning, they will eventually become wonderful, neat topiary specimens.
In summary, holly is a popular choice for topiary due to its evergreen nature, dark glossy leaves, and ability to tolerate different soil types. It can be trained and clipped into various shapes, making it a versatile plant for creating unique topiary designs. Whether used as a standalone specimen or as part of a larger topiary display, holly is a wonderful addition to any garden.
Pittosporum shrubs are evergreen alternatives to boxwood for topiary. These shrubs have been used for many years to create beautiful shapes in gardens and landscapes. They are slow-growing plants that will keep their shape until they are trimmed. Pittosporum shrubs are particularly good for shaping into spirals, cones, or standard shapes.
4.1 Pittosporum tobira (Japanese Pittosporum)
- This pittosporum variety has glossy, dark green foliage that adds a touch of elegance to any garden.
- It can tolerate full sun or partial shade and prefers moist, well-drained soil.
- Japanese Pittosporum is a vigorous plant that needs regular pruning to maintain its shape.
4.2 Pittosporum tenuifolium (New Zealand Pittosporum)
- This pittosporum variety has small, silver-green leaves that create a striking contrast in gardens.
- It is a slow-growing plant that can tolerate various soil types, including fertile and well-drained soil.
- New Zealand Pittosporum is known for its neat and tidy appearance, making it an excellent choice for topiary.
4.3 Pittosporum crassifolium (Karo)
- This pittosporum variety has dark green foliage that is serrated and leathery.
- It prefers a sheltered spot and well-drained soil.
- Karo is a versatile plant that can be shaped into various topiary forms, including cones and spirals.
When it comes to creating beautiful topiary shapes, Pittosporum shrubs are a wonderful choice. Their evergreen foliage and ability to tolerate different soil types make them suitable for many gardens. By trimming and shaping them regularly, you can create stunning specimens that will enhance the beauty of your outdoor space.
Photinia is another popular choice for topiary, known for its vibrant foliage and ability to be clipped into various shapes. It is also commonly referred to as “red tip” or “Christmas berry.”
One of the most well-known varieties of Photinia is Photinia x fraseri, which is a hybrid of the Photinia glabra and Photinia serratifolia species. It is valued for its attractive red and green foliage, which creates a stunning contrast when clipped into shapes.
Photinias thrive in full sunlight or part shade, making them versatile plants for a variety of garden environments. They are also tolerant of many soil types, as long as the soil is well-drained.
When it comes to topiary, Photinias can be trained into different shapes, such as cones or spirals. They are quite vigorous and can be grown into large and productive specimens. However, they may require regular trimming to maintain their desired shape.
In addition to Photinia x fraseri, there are other Photinia varieties suitable for topiary, such as ‘Red Robin’, ‘Carre Rouge’, and ‘Palette’. These varieties offer different foliage colors and patterns, including variegated leaves.
For those who prefer a slower-growing alternative, the Japanese euonymus (Euonymus japonicus) and English yew (Taxus baccata) are good options. They may take several years to reach the desired shape, but their dark or gold foliage is worth the wait.
It’s important to select the right plants for topiary based on your garden’s needs and the desired shape. Consult an expert or do thorough research before choosing a plant for topiary.
6 Euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’
Euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’ is a variegated shrub that can be shaped into a topiary. It is a popular choice for topiary because of its colorful foliage. The leaves are green with yellow margins, creating a vibrant and eye-catching look.
This euonymus shrub can grow up to 6 feet tall and wide, making it a great option for larger topiary designs. It is a relatively low-maintenance plant and can be shaped into various forms for different aesthetic preferences.
To keep the euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’ in shape, it needs to be regularly clipped. The best time for trimming is in late spring or early summer. However, it can be pruned throughout the year to maintain its desired shape.
Euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’ is a vigorous plant that thrives in full sunlight or partial shade. It prefers fertile, well-drained soil and should be watered regularly to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
In order to create a topiary form, the euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’ needs to be trained on a frame or standard, which can be purchased or made at home. This will guide the growth of the plant and help it take the desired shape.
The euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’ can be used as a standalone topiary specimen or planted alongside other topiary plants to create a decorative arrangement. It pairs well with other types of euonymus or with other shrubs and trees for a more diverse topiary display.
In addition to its use in topiary, euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’ is also useful for hedging and can be planted in gardens and landscapes for its attractive foliage. It can be shaped into geometric or more organic shapes depending on the desired style.
If you are looking for alternatives to euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’ for your topiary, you can consider other variegated shrubs like camellias or corokia. These plants also have glossy and colorful foliage, making them wonderful options for shaping into topiary designs.
In summary, euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’ is a versatile and productive plant for topiary. It is a low-maintenance shrub that can be shaped into various forms with regular trimming. Its variegated foliage adds color and interest to any garden or landscape, making it a popular choice among gardeners and landscapers alike.
Camellias are an excellent choice for topiary because of their slow-growing nature and ability to tolerate pruning. These flowering plants can be clipped into various shapes and will provide beautiful blooms as well. Camellias should be planted in well-drained, fertile soil and should be placed in a sheltered part of the garden, particularly if the area experiences harsh winters.
There are many different types of camellias to choose from, each with its own unique characteristics. Some popular options for topiary camellias include:
- Camellia sasanqua: This variety grows less vigorously than other camellias and has glossy, dark green foliage. It is a good choice for those looking for a neat and compact topiary shape.
- Camellia japonica: Camellia japonica is often used for standard topiary shapes. It grows well in full sunlight and produces stunning flowers in late winter or early spring.
- Camellia reticulata: This camellia variety has large, showy flowers and a more vigorous growth habit. It can be shaped into unique topiary designs.
When planning to create a topiary with camellias, it is important to select a well-established plant with a dense branching structure. This will make it easier to shape the plant and maintain its form over time.
In order to keep camellias looking their best, regular trimming and shaping is necessary. This can be done in late spring or early summer, after the flowers have faded. Pruning should be done with sharp, clean shears or secateurs to avoid damaging the plant.
To ensure that camellias continue to flower and grow well, it is important to provide them with regular watering and fertilizing. Adequate moisture is particularly important during the flowering period.
Camellias can also be grown as hedging plants, providing a beautiful, evergreen backdrop for garden borders. They are generally low-maintenance and can tolerate a range of soil types, although they prefer slightly acidic soil.
Overall, camellias are a great choice for topiary, providing both structure and beauty to the garden. Their glossy foliage and stunning flowers make them star specimens in many homes and gardens.
8 Laurus nobilis – bay
Another classic choice for topiary is Laurus nobilis, commonly known as bay. This evergreen plant is often used as a standard topiary, with its neatly clipped shape adding a touch of elegance to any garden or outdoor space.
Bay is a slow-growing plant, which makes it ideal for intricate topiary designs and shaping. It responds well to regular trimming and can be easily pruned into different shapes such as cones, pyramids, or balls.
Bay plants prefer a sheltered and sunny spot in the garden, with moist and fertile soil. They are less vigorous compared to other topiary plants, such as privet or boxwood, which means they need less trimming and maintenance to keep their shape.
In summer, bay plants produce small yellow flowers followed by dark purple fruits. These can be removed to maintain the plant’s neat appearance.
Bay is also a useful plant for culinary purposes, with its leaves often used in cooking to add flavor to soups, stews, and sauces. In order to have a constant supply of fresh bay leaves, it is recommended to grow multiple bay plants.
In summary, the Laurus nobilis, or bay, is a popular choice for topiary due to its slow-growing nature, neat foliage, and versatility in shaping. Whether used as a standalone specimen or as part of a larger topiary design, bay plants can add a touch of elegance and sophistication to any garden.
9 Trachelospermum jasminoides – star jasmine
The Trachelospermum jasminoides, commonly known as star jasmine, is a slow-growing evergreen shrub that is normally clipped into useful shapes. It is also a wonderful plant for topiary, as it can take many years to grow and shape into the desired form.
According to English topiary expert, an expert in shaping plants and trees, the star jasmine is one of the best plants for topiary. They say that the dark green, glossy leaves of this plant are perfect for trimming and shaping.
In order to grow star jasmine as a topiary specimen, it should be planted in well-drained, fertile soil in a sunny or partially shaded spot. This plant grows best in full sunlight, but it can tolerate some shade. It is important to keep the soil moist, especially during the hot summer months, to ensure vigorous growth and good flowering.
Star jasmine is known for its fragrant white flowers that bloom from late spring until early winter. These flowers are followed by small, dark purple berries. The plant can be trained to grow up trellises, fences, or wires, making it a versatile plant for topiary and hedging.
Star jasmine is also a good choice for those who have small gardens or homes with limited space, as it is a slow-growing plant that can be easily maintained in a neat and compact shape. It can be grown in containers or planted directly in the ground, making it suitable for all types of gardens.
Another useful feature of star jasmine is its ability to tolerate trimming and shaping. This means that it can be clipped into many different shapes and forms, allowing for creative and unique topiary designs.
According to the English topiary expert, star jasmine can also be combined with other plants, such as camellias, euonymus, or variegated corokia, to create interesting and attractive topiary displays. The combination of different colors, textures, and shapes can add depth and visual interest to any garden or outdoor space.
In summary, star jasmine is a wonderful plant for topiary, with its slow-growing nature, dark green foliage, and fragrant flowers. It is a versatile plant that can be shaped into many different forms and is suitable for both small and large gardens. By following proper planting and care techniques, anyone can enjoy the beauty and productivity of star jasmine as a topiary specimen.
What is the best plant to use for topiary
When it comes to topiary, there are several good options to consider for shaping your shrubs into beautiful and unique designs. The best plant for topiary is one that has a dense, compact growth habit and responds well to pruning. Here are some top choices:
1. Boxwood (Buxus)
Boxwood is a classic choice for topiary, especially in traditional gardens. It has small, glossy leaves that can be easily clipped into various shapes and stays green all year round. Boxwood grows best in well-drained soil and prefers a sunny or partially shaded spot.
2. Yew (Taxus)
Yew is a particularly good choice for topiary because it grows slowly and can tolerate heavy pruning. It has dark green foliage and can be shaped into intricate designs. Yew prefers a fertile, well-drained soil and a partly shady location.
3. Holly (Ilex)
Holly is another excellent option for topiary. It is an evergreen shrub that can be pruned into neat shapes and has glossy, dark green leaves. Holly prefers a well-drained soil and can tolerate full sun or partial shade.
4. Euonymus (Euonymus japonicus)
Euonymus japonicus is a versatile plant that can be used for topiary. It has glossy, evergreen foliage and can be shaped into both formal and informal designs. Euonymus prefers a well-drained soil and can tolerate full sun or partial shade.
Podocarpus is a vigorous evergreen shrub that is commonly used for topiary. It has small, dark green leaves and responds well to trimming and shaping. Podocarpus prefers a well-drained soil and can tolerate full sun or partial shade.
In addition to these top choices, there are also other plants that can be used for topiary. Depending on your preferences and the specific requirements of your garden, you may also consider using plants such as privet, English yew, or camellias for your topiary designs. These plants have different growth habits and foliage colors, which can add variety and interest to your topiary creations.
When selecting a plant for topiary, it is important to consider the specific needs of the plant, such as soil and sunlight requirements. Additionally, some plants may require more maintenance and trimming to maintain their shape, while others may be slower-growing and require less frequent pruning.
As with any gardening trend, topiary designs and plant choices can also change over time. It’s always a good idea to stay informed about the latest topiary trends and seek advice from expert gardeners or horticulturists when choosing plants for your topiary projects.
When should you trim topiary
Regular trimming for shape and maintenance
Trimming topiary is essential to maintain their shape and ensure they continue to grow in a neat and tidy manner. To keep your topiary plants looking their best, it is important to establish a regular trimming policy.
According to expert gardeners, the best time to trim topiary is during late spring or early summer. This is when the plants are actively growing and can quickly recover from pruning. Trimming in late spring also allows the plants to maintain their shape throughout the summer months.
Winter trim for specific shapes
In some cases, topiary plants may need an additional trim in winter. This is particularly true for certain types of topiary, such as Podocarpus, Ilex, and Japanese Holly. These evergreen specimens can tolerate pruning in winter and will continue to grow well in the following season.
The winter trim should be done when the weather is dry and the plants are dormant. Trimming during this time ensures that the foliage remains intact and the plants continue to look attractive even in the darker months. However, it is important to avoid trimming during freezing temperatures to prevent damage to the plants.
The frequency of trimming will depend on the type of topiary and its growth rate. Some fast-growing plants may require trimming once every few months, while slower-growing varieties may only need to be trimmed once a year. It is essential to monitor the growth of your topiary plants and trim them when necessary to maintain their shape and structure.
Well-drained and fertile soil, along with regular watering, can promote vigorous growth and may require more frequent trimming. On the other hand, topiary plants in less fertile or drought-prone soil may need less frequent pruning.
The latest trends in topiary trimming
When it comes to trimming topiary, there are no strict rules. The latest trends in topiary trimming allow for more creative and personalized shapes. Gardeners are experimenting with different forms and styles, from geometric designs to whimsical animal shapes.
Some of the popular topiary shapes include cones, spirals, balls, and pyramids. Additionally, using multiple topiary plants of different shapes and sizes can create a stunning visual impact in gardens and landscapes.
Key considerations for trimming topiary
Here are some key considerations to keep in mind when trimming topiary:
- Choose the right time of year for trimming based on plant type.
- Ensure the plants are well-watered and healthy before trimming.
- Use sharp and clean pruning tools to make precise cuts.
- Start by trimming the outer branches and work towards the center for optimal shape and density.
- Regularly remove any dead or diseased foliage to maintain the overall health of the plant.
- Monitor the growth of your topiary plants and trim them as needed to prevent them from becoming overgrown.
Remember, topiary trimming is an art form that requires patience and practice. By following these guidelines and experimenting with different shapes and techniques, you can create wonderful topiary specimens that will enhance the beauty of your garden or outdoor space.